If you are having a difference in your skin tone or patches on your skin, you might be suffering from hyperpigmentation. In this article you will find all about hyperpigmentation, like (i) what hyperpigmentation is? (ii) What causes hyperpigmentation; and finally (iii) How to get rid of Hyperpigmentation naturally.
Hyperpigmentation is not a serious medical condition, but it makes you look old. It’s very disturbing and embarrassing when one has dark patches and uneven skin tone. Skin Pigmentation can occur to anyone regardless of one’s gender, race or age. It’s not difficult to treat and get flawless skin.
What Is Hyperpigmentation ?
Mostly there are two types of pigmentation abnormalities that can happen:
(i) Hyperpigmentation : It’s usually a harmless condition and described as darkening of certain areas of skin, which happens due to overproduction of melanin or pigment. It looks like brown or tan spots on the skin. This is also sometimes called as melasma.
(ii) Hypopigmentation: On the other hand hypopigmentation is a condition when the melanin or pigmentation production is slowed down and patches of lighter skin or whiter in color appears.
Note: This article is about hyperpigmentation treatment.
Causes of Pigmentation
(i) Over exposure to the sun and heat: This is one of the most common reasons for pigmentation. The UV radiation as well as thermal radiation disturbs the melanocytes. With the result the melanin producing cells are affected leading to pigmentation.
(ii) Injury: In some cases the wound caused by injury heals, leaving minor inflammation. This inflamed area can later turn into pigmentation.
(iii) Pigmentation can sometimes be caused by certain medications due to their side effects.
(iv) Diseases: Some specified diseases, like jaundice, cyanosis may also lead to discoloration of the skin.
(v) In some cases the severe emotional stress or duress may become the cause.
Other reasons for pigmentation are like genetics, hormonal changes during pregnancy, birth control pills, menopause, frequent use of hair dyes, etc
There are several treatments available, like over-the-counter creams, chemical peels, laser treatment, etc. for fast recovery. If your condition is serious, we suggest that you consult a dermatologist. It is also a good idea to visit a dermatologist before selecting any of the over-the-counter skin pigmentation remedies. However, for those who don’t want to go for expensive, harsh or chemical loaded products, here are some natural remedies, which are quite effective and use only the natural ingredients available in the kitchen.
Home Remedies To Reduce Skin Pigmentation
1. Potato: Potatoes are well known to remove skin pigmentation, dark spots and blemishes. Rub gently a freshly cut slice of potato on the affected areas of your skin every day. Alternatively, mix potato juice with fuller earth and apply this daily to remove pigmentation.
2. Lemon Juice and Honey: Mix lemon juice and pure organic honey in equal proportions. Apply over the affected areas. Whereas lemon acts as natural bleach, the honey has moisturizing properties. However, as lemon is acidic so avoid this remedy in case you are having sensitive skin.
3. Aloe Vera juice or Aloe Vera juice + Vitamin E: Aloe Vera has natural soothing and healing properties. Squeeze out aloe Vera gel from an aloe Vera leaf and store this in a bottle in refrigerator. Apply this gel over the affected areas for 20 minutes. It works to slough off older skin cells and regenerate the newer ones. To enhance its effectiveness break one vitamin E capsule and add its contents to the gel.
4. Milk and honey: Mix milk and honey. You may also add a little curd to this. Milk and curd have lactic acid which works to slough off the affected skin cells, leaving behind fresh skin. This natural remedy helps in reducing skin pigmentation.
5. Cucumber juice: Cucumber juice is an effective home remedy in removing skin pigmentation, lightening dark spots and fading blemishes. Apply the cucumber juice alone or mix it with honey and lemon juice in equal proportions. Apply this over the affected areas, regularly once a day, for half an hour and then wash it off.
6. Orange peel: Mix dry, powdered orange peel with cold milk (un-skimmed and un-boiled) and a little honey to make out a thick paste. Apply it gently over the pigmented skin and patches; let it sit there for half an hour then wash it off.
7. Tomato, Oatmeal and Yogurt: Tomato acts as natural bleach. Yogurt also works as natural bleach and has skin tightening properties. Oatmeal works as a natural scrubber.
Squeeze out tomato juice and add 2 tsp. of oatmeal and 1/2 tsp. of yogurt. Apply this mixture gently on the pigmented skin areas and let it sit for 20 minutes to dry and then wash it off. This mixture works as an effective home remedy for removing skin pigmentation. Try this remedy daily to see the positive results.
Over-The-Counter Hyperpigmentation Treatment
Before starting (Do it yourself) DIY skin pigmentation treatment using any of the over-the-counter treatments, we suggest you consult a dermatologist as there are several causes of hyperpigmentation and each reason would require a specific treatment. Following are the options available:
1. Skin lightening creams: Basically these creams slow down melanin production and reduce the existing melanin from the skin as well. Go for the products containing a combination of hydroquinone, soy milk, cucumber, calcium, azelaic acid, kojic acid, or arbutin.
2. Any topical treatment containing Retin-A or alpha-hydroxy acids.
Preventing Skin Pigmentation
1. Avoid exposure to Sun and heat: Avoid exposure to UV rays of the sun and thermal radiation from heat. This will help in containing your skin pigmentation abnormality.
2. Do not use tanning beds.
3. Wear sunscreen while going out and cover yourself with a hat and long sleeves. Wearing sunscreen every day will help in preventing or reducing age spots when you get older.
4. Follow a skincare regime, including cleansing, toning, exfoliating and moisturizing, twice a week.
Tips for Hyperpigmentation:
1. Hyperpigmentation patches can occur due to hormonal changes in pregnant women or while taking birth control pills. If hormones are the reason for your skin pigmentation, there is no treatment for this except to wait for this situation to end.
2. Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation – PIH: This type occurs due to skin injury, like psoriasis, burns, acne and some other skin treatments. This normally is cured on its own, as the skin heals and regenerates, with passage of time.
3. Everyone has a different skin type and requires a specific remedy. So if one remedy does not work in your case, you need to try another till you find out which one of the above remedies work best for you to get rid of skin pigmentation and discoloration of skin.
After trying above tips, please leave your comments to let us know how these tips have worked out for you in reducing your skin pigmentation. Also share your own tips to treat skin pigmentation.
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